Sexual Harassment (Title IX)
What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination in education, including K-12 schools. Title IX is a federal law that has been used to promote equity in education by ensuring that girls and women receive equal resources and treatment in the classroom and provides protections for students who are sexually harassed and discriminated against and/or bullied based on their gender.
In addition to this federal law, the California Education code similarly prohibits schools discriminating against its students on the basis of sex (Education Codes 220-221.1).
Definition of Sexual Harassment
Sexual harassment includes verbal, visual or physical conduct of a sexual nature which may have a negative impact upon the victim’s academic or work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive educational/work environment.
Specific examples of sexual harassment
Sexual harassment may include, but is not limited to:
- Unwelcome written, verbal, physical, and/or visual contact with sexual overtones such as slurs, jokes, touching, blocking movement, sexual cartoons or drawings, and obscene language.
- Continuing to express sexual interest after being informed that the interest is unwelcome.
- Dating violence
- Sexting (sending sexually explicit photos or text) or exchanging explicit photos with friends.
- Bullying based on gender, gender expression, gender identity, or sexual orientation.
- Sexual assault
- Electronic postings with sexual overtones on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, YikYak, or other social media.
Who is covered under Title IX?
- Harassment by students
- Harassment by administrators/teachers/staff
- Harassment by volunteers or school visitors
BSD sexual harassment and nondiscrimination policies
How to file a Title IX/Sexual Harassment Claim
A sexual harassment complaint may be filed with the school site principal or his/her designee or a teacher at the school site. If the individual feels uncomfortable, the complaint may be filed with the Assistant Superintendent of Education Services of the BSD District Office.